Gout attacks and their treatment procedures

Gout attacks and their treatment procedures

Gout is inflammatory arthritis which is developed due to high levels of uric acid in the blood.

The acid has the capability to form into needle-like crystals in a joint. These crystals cause severe pain, tenderness, swelling, and redness. It most affects the large joint of the big toe. It also affects feet, ankles, wrists, hands, knees, etc. The attacks of gout occur suddenly and mostly at nights.

Gout is more common among men than women. Over 4% of the US population suffers from gout arthritis. It occurs due to various factors like genes, medications, age and gender, diet, alcohol, and sodas.

The treatment procedures you need to know about:
The main aim of gout treatment is to reduce the sharp pain and limit its chances of recurrence. This also aims to reduce complications like joint destruction and kidney failure. This requires medical support to treat along with some home precautions to follow.

Some of the more popular gout treatment procedures are listed below!

Getting adequate rest
When a gout attack occurs, rest the affected joint. This helps in the pain reduction to a certain extent. Proper rest, along with the prescribed medicines, give you relief from the pain, which is the worst part of gout. This is one of the best practices to reduce the pain immediately.

Using ice packs
Gout attacks cause swelling and redness along with pain. To reduce this, you can use ice packs at home. Massage the affected joint with an ice pack. This helps you reduce the swelling fast and also provides relaxation.

The right medication
Taking the proper medication is one of the most important things a patient has to do. When the attack occurs, immediately take the painkillers prescribed by the doctor. These help by reducing the pain and helping you relax. Always follow the doctor’s suggestions to avoid medicines that are rich in uric acid, as those will increase uric acid levels which worsen the condition instead of making it better.

Keeping yourself hydrated
Water helps your organs stay healthy and functioning at optimal levels. To reduce the frequent occurring of gout attacks, keep yourself hydrated all the time. Drink plenty of water; this helps you purify the blood and activates the body.

Avoiding food rich in “Purines”
Uric acid forms due to the breakdown of purines, a component of food. The increase in purines leads to the risk of the increase in the uric acid levels. It is not at all good for gout patients. Avoid food that contains purines. In general, foods like liver, dried peas, beans, and alcohol are rich in purines.

Weight maintenance
Being overweight, or obesity may also be a reason for gout attacks. Make sure you maintain a healthy weight. Regular exercises will help you achieve this.