Diagnosis of ovarian cysts
The easiest way to diagnose an ovarian cyst is to take the pelvic exam or to research on the ovarian cyst symptoms and consult a doctor if you face any of the symptoms. There are various types of ovary cysts, and you are likely to get medication according to the type of your cyst. The type of your cyst will be determined by the tests your doctor will ask you to do. If the doctor notices a swelling on your ovary, then they might ask you to take an ultrasound test to confirm the presence of this cyst.
Let us look at some of the tests for diagnosis of ovarian cysts:
- Pregnancy test: A pregnancy test can be sufficient to test you positive for ovarian cysts even if you do not encounter any of the common symptoms. A positive pregnancy test is an indicator to suggest that you might have corpus luteum cyst.
- Pelvic ultrasound: A pelvic ultrasound test can be more than enough to successfully diagnose you with ovarian cysts. A transducer is used to send as well as receive high-frequency ultrasound waves to display an image of your uterus and ovaries on a video screen. This image is then examined by your doctor to determine the presence of a cyst, its exact location of the cyst, and its form (filled with fluid, solid or mixed).
- Laparoscopy: A laparoscope is used to determine the presence of an ovarian cyst as well as operate it if it is found. A laparoscope is a slim instrument that is inserted into your abdomen through a small incision. With the help of laparoscope, your doctor can see your ovaries, uterus and the cyst. They can also operate the cyst with this method. However, the operation is a surgical procedure and will require anesthesia.
- CA 125 blood test: This blood test is taken to determine ovarian cyst as well as cancer caused by the ovarian cyst. The elevated blood levels of a protein names cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) are often a sign of ovarian cancer. This test is only undertaken if your cyst has been present for a long time, is sold in nature and your doctor thinks you are at high risk of ovarian cancer. Elevated levels of CA 125 don’t always have to be related to cancer; they can also occur in conditions like endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and pelvic inflammatory disease.