Common Cold and Flu: Here is all you should know
The disease is known as Common cold for a reason. It is one of the easily spread infections in the world and no matter how robust your immune system is, chances are that you might have the symptoms at least once a year. The symptoms may last for a week or two and does not lead to any major complications. In most cases over the counter medications can take care of the condition. There are many viruses that can cause cold and the most common among them is the rhino virus which is highly contagious. Others can include your allergic reactions and can depend on your allergens. You can catch a cold any time of the year. The term catch a cold is highly synonymous with the fact that it can easily spread through air when an infected person sneezes and your body can fall victim to it.
Flu is caused by the influenza virus and mostly shares the symptoms with that of the cold. However, if the flu is not treated properly, there are chances that you can get further complications. This is especially true for younger children and older adults. Unlike cold, you may get the flu only during the flu season or during the fall season.
The common symptoms of cold can include runny or stuffy throat, sore throat, sneezing and coughing and tiredness and general weakness. The above symptoms also hold good for Flu except that it may be accompanied by high fever and headache and chills. Few people may experience vomiting, nausea and diarrhea.
Many of the treatments for the common cold are over the counter products and though most of them are safe it is advisable to consult your doctor before using them. Drink plenty of fluids for the flu symptoms and it is advisable to have the flu vaccine to avoid future complications. If your condition does not go away after a few days or it seems to be worsening, seek medical attention immediately.
In many cases you can avoid picking up the viruses by maintaining a clean and hygienic environment. Always wash your hands properly and adopt healthy habits. Always stay focused during the flu season and get your allergy test done so that you can know your allergens and stay away from them. The virus is highly contagious. Hence, take precautionary measures during an outbreak. Also ensure that you practice covering your mouth and nose while you cough or sneeze.