6 things to know about treating hemophilia B
Hemophilia is a genetic disorder that prevents the blood from clotting. This causes uncontrolled bleeding in the case of injuries or wounds. In some cases, there can be spontaneous bleeding without any reason. Hemophilia can cause external as well as internal bleeding as well. Hemophilia is caused due to lack of clotting factors in the blood. Deficiency of factor IX causes hemophilia B. This component is necessary for stopping the bleeding. Treatment of hemophilia B is done to reduce the debilitating effects of the disorder since there is no complete cure.
Here are six things to know about the treatment of hemophilia B:
- Treatment of hemophilia B involves replacing the blood clotting factor IX in the blood. Known as replacement therapy, the treatment of hemophilia is done by injecting factor concentrates into the vein. These concentrates are commercially prepared or through donated blood.
- Treatment of hemophilia B with replacement therapy is done only in severe cases. Replacement therapy or clotting therapy has to be done fairly regularly, about two to three times a week. A regular administration of clotting factors helps to prevent episodes of uncontrolled bleeding.
- If the replacement therapy is done using donated blood, it is necessary to screen the blood, especially for hepatitis meticulously. The use of donated blood carries the risk of transmitting hepatitis C virus or HIV. Ensure that the blood used for the treatment of hepatitis B is tested for the presence of viruses and bacteria to avoid further complications of health.
- In mild cases, treatment of hemophilia B through replacement therapy is done before taking up any activities that have a high probability of sustaining injuries with bleeding. These activities can include surgery or dental extractions. The replacement therapy will help in the formation of blood clots and prevent excessive loss of blood. In the case of minor cuts and wounds, it is enough to clean the wound, apply pressure and wrap a bandage around the injured area.
- In case of severe injuries, factor IX has to administer immediately. It is not necessary to go to a hospital or emergency room in such cases. Often patients and their families are trained how to administer factor XI concentrates at home.
- A treatment of hemophilia B can be more effective by following a healthy diet. Include food rich in B vitamins, Vitamin K, calcium, and iron. Green leafy vegetables such as spinach, cabbage, and lettuce should be a regular part of the diet; egg yolks, poultry, oranges, nuts, soy products and so on should also form a part of the diet.